2018 Bus Trip to PhotoPlus

Lancaster Camera Club (LCC) is again organizing a bus trip to the PhotoPlus Expo in New York City (NYC) on Friday, October 26, 2018.

Even though we are traveling to and from NYC as a group, you will be free to do whatever you want to do for the entire day! The bus will leave Lancaster Shopping Center, AC Moore/Oregon Pike side at 6:30 AM and take you to the PhotoPlus Expo at the Jacob Javits Convention Center (655 W. 34th St.). For the return trip to Lancaster there will be two pickup points: behind the Winter Garden Theater (7th Avenue & 51st St.) at 6:15 p.m. and at the Javits Center at 6:30 p.m.

The cost of the bus trip for Lancaster Camera Club members is $45 per person and $50 per person for nonmembers.

Click here for more information and to sign up. 2018 Bus Trip

The Art of Photographic Lighting by Eib Eibelshaeuser – Rocky Nook, O’Reilly

This book is really more a reference encyclopedia than a textbook.

The author is clearly very knowledgeable about light theory, the history of light, and the different types of lights that are available. I suspect much of the basic information provided on the different construction of various light bulbs will neither be of interest nor much use to most photographers.

However, there are several valuable chapters such as “Light and Shade” and “Controlling Light” that are well worth reading. In addition the sections on hard and soft light, direct and indirect light are very useful.

I feel this is an excellent supplementary text for anyone learning photographic lighting. For schools teaching photography, I’d recommend they include this book in their libraries.

Photoshop Elements 10 – the missing manual, Barbara Brundage, O’Reilly Publishers

Highly recommended I have been teaching Photoshop Elements since version 7 and have used Ms. Brundage’s series of books for version 7, 8, and 9. This book is an A to Z manual on Photoshop Elements. One feature I particularly like is that the author lists a number of websites for additional material such as plug-ins. Also, she will reference a book not published by O’Reilly, an action for which both the author and publisher deserve credit.

As the author states in her introduction, this is a how and when book. The book instructs one how to use various techniques and tools, as well as when not to use them. In addition to the book content, one can go to the O’Reilly website to download additional material that is pertinent so that one can better complete various exercises in the book.

The bottom line; if you use Photoshop Elements 10, buy this book.

Charles Heisterkamp, III, M.D.

Photographer

THE SUNNY 16 RULE

A PRESCRIPTION FOR BETTER PHOTOGRAPHS

 In photography, the Sunny 16 rule (also known as the Sunny f/16 rule) is a method of estimating correct daylight exposures without a light meter. Apart from the obvious advantage of independence from a light meter, the Sunny 16 rule can also aid in achieving correct exposure of difficult subjects. As the rule is based on incident light, rather than reflected light as with most camera light meters, very bright or very dark subjects are compensated for. The rule serves as a mnemonic for the camera settings obtained on a sunny day using the exposure value (EV) system.

The basic rule is, “On a sunny day set aperture to f/16 and shutter speed to the [reciprocal of the] ISO film speed [or ISO setting] for a subject in direct sunlight.” For example:

On a sunny day and with ISO 100 film / setting in the camera, one sets the aperture to f/16 and the shutter speed to 1/100 or 1/125 second (on some cameras 1/125 second is the available setting nearest to 1/100 second).

On a sunny day with ISO 200 film / setting and aperture at f/16, set shutter speed to 1/200 or 1/250.

On a sunny day with ISO 400 film / setting and aperture at f/16, set shutter speed to 1/400 or 1/500.

As with other light readings, shutter speed can be changed as long as the f-number is altered to compensate, e.g. 1/250 second at f/11 gives equivalent exposure to 1/125 second at f/16.

An elaborated form of the Sunny 16 rule is to set shutter speed nearest to the reciprocal of the ISO film speed / setting and f-number according to this table:

Aperture 

Lighting Conditions 

Shadow Detail 

f/22 

Snow/Sand 

Dark with sharp edges 

/16 

Sunny 

Distinct 

f/11 

Slight Overcast 

Soft around edges 

f/8 

Overcast 

Barely visible 

f/5.6 

Heavy Overcast 

No shadows 

f/4 

Open Shade/Sunset 

No shadows 

Add One Stop 

Backlighting 

n/a 

from Wikipedia

 

CHARLES HEISTERKAMP, III, M.D.

 

 

A PRESCRIPTION FOR WHAT’S ON THE NET

LESS ORDINARY – http://www.lessordinary.org.uk/

“By taking the time to browse through the posts here, you’ll find plenty of beautiful photographs, thoughtful reflections and inspirational content, as I communicate my deep passion for specialness.”

Photography, Books, an unusual Blog. Worth a visit. You might be inspired.

Charles Heisterkamp, III, M.D. – Photographer

A Prescription for How and Why to Use Flickr

Harold Davis has written an excellent article of why one should use Flickr as a method to show, share, and publicize his/her photographs.  You can  find his article at the following web address.

http://photo.net/column/harolddavis/finding-an-audience-for-your-photography/using-flickr-for-marketing/

If you are unfamiliar with how to register for a Flickr account (it is FREE), read the earlier blog post on this site written by John Flinchbaugh who steps you through the process of signing up and what your many options are.

Charles Heusterkamp, III, M.D., Photographer

PHOTOGRAPHERS YOU SHOULD KNOW – BEN WILLMORE

A PRESCRIPTION FOR PHOTOGRAPHERS YOU SHOULD KNOW

Ben Willmore

There are many photographers whose work one should know. Among the many great contemporary photographers is Ben Willmore. Ben has three websites:Web Site – http://www.thebestofben.com/

Web Site – http://whereisben.com/

Web Site – http://www.digitalmastery.com/

Ben’s a master of design. Definitely visit the Best of Ben and look at his galleries. And, if you ever have the opportunity to attend one of his teaching sessions, his ability to teach is super. I know from personal experience. Whenever I see him, I always learn something new.

CHARLES HEISTERKAMP, III, M.D.

 

 

Documenting America from the Great Depression to World War II

A PRESCRIPTION FOR WATCHING THE WEB 

  

 

The Library of Congress

 

Documenting America from the Great Depression to World War II

http://rs6.loc.gov/fsowhome.html

“The images in the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Collection are among the most famous documentary photographs ever produced. Created by a group of U.S. government photographers, the images show Americans in every part of the nation. In the early years, the project emphasized rural life and the negative impact of the Great Depression, farm mechanization, and the Dust Bowl. In later years, the photographers turned their attention to the mobilization effort for World War II. The core of the collection consists of about 164,000 black-and-white photographs. This release provides access to over 160,000 of these images; future additions will expand the black-and-white offering. The FSA-OWI photographers also produced about 1600 color photographs during the latter days of the project. ”

“The mission of the Library of Congress is to make its resources available and useful to Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations. The goal of the Library’s National Digital Library Program is to offer broad public access to a wide range of historical and cultural documents as a contribution to education and lifelong learning. ”

“The Library of Congress presents these documents as part of the record of the past. These primary historical documents reflect the attitudes, perspectives, and beliefs of different times. The Library of Congress does not endorse the views expressed in these collections, which may contain materials offensive to some readers. ”

Visiting this site should be an inspiration as well as a lesson in documentary photography. Many great photographers of the 1930’s era worked for the United States Government. Photographers like Walker Evans and Ansel Adams are among those represented. And anyone with a knowledge of photographic history will recognize “Migrant Mother.” And, if you wish, download a high resolution file and print your own personal copy of this photograph or of many others.

 

CHARLES HEISTERKAMP, III, M.D., PHOTOGRAPHER

A PRESCRIPTION FOR BASIC CAMERA OPERATION by CHARLES HEISTERKAMP, III, M.D.

Learning what all those buttons and dials do. Cameras can initially be very intimidating. But learning the basic operation of one’s camera will mean better photographs and less frustration.

While this article will cover the basics of camera operation, one should read their camera manual as cameras vary in how they operate.

Rule #1 is always have your camera’s manual available.

Generally, four factors can be varied. These are the lens (focal length), the lens opening (aperture), the shutter speed, and ISO ( a measure of the sensitivity to light). I’ll explain each variable and suggest when each is more important..

Two types of camera are most common today. These are the Point and Shoot and the Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras. The capabilities of each can vary widely.

The Lens – A major difference in the two types is that a SLR camera has interchangeable lenses; a Point ans Shoot camera does not. However, while one can change from a close-up lens to a telephoto lens on a SLR camera, many Point and Shoot cameras have zoom lenses. Caution.. Ignore digital zoom. Only optical zoom matters when evaluating Point and Shoot cameras.

The focal length of a lens determines what the camera “sees”. A short focal length lens allows a wide field of view. They are useful when the subject of the photograph is close to the camera. A long focal length lens has a narrow field of view but magnifies distant objects. Zoom lenses allow one to vary the focal length.

The Aperture – The lens opening controls the amount of light that reaches the recording medium, both film and digital sensor. Lens openings are measured in f stops. A small number such as f2.0 is a large opening. A large number such as f22 is a small opening. Obviously, a large opening lets in more light and a small opening less light. The other important difference is that a large opening has less depth of field. Depth of field is a measure of how sharp an image is from front to back. For example is one is taking a portrait type photo, it is helpful to have the background out-of-focus (slightly blurred). The effect is to cause the viewer to look primarily at the portrait and ignore any distraction in the background. Another important factor is when one is recording action and one wants the object to be sharp, An f value of 2.6 allows for a shorter exposure time that results in a sharper image of the object in motion. Conversely, one may want to a blur effect that conveys motion. An f stop of f11 or f`16 means a longer exposure time. The result is the background is sharp and the subject is blurred.

The Shutter Speed – Shutter speed is a measure of how long the film or sensor is exposed to light. It has a reciprocal relationship to the aperture. Long shutter speeds allow one to use a small aperture. Conversely, short shutter speeds require a larger aperture. The same amount of light can enter by adjusting the ratio of shutter speed to aperture. Stopping motion requires a high shutter speed; maximum depth of field (focus) requires a small aperture (high f number).

ISO or Film Speed – The ISO (International Standard Organization) value refers to how sensitive the film or the sensor are to light. A higher ISO number means more sensitivity. With a film camera one is limited by the ISO value of the film in the camera. Digital cameras allow the user to reset the ISO for each photograph. Higher ISO values are generally available with digital cameras; thus one can take photographs in with less available light.

Which setting should one use? Both types of digital camera generally allow one to set a preference and then the camera automatically adjusts other parameters. Typical settings include the following choices.

Program (P) Mode – Program mode allows the user to have the camera set both aperture and shutter speed. Digital cameras are a special type of computer. Based on what the camera is sensing, it sets the values for shutter speed and aperture based on values calculated from thousands of test images that have been stored in the camera’s memory.

Aperture Priority (A) Mode – Aperture Priority allows the user to set the aperture (lens opening) and the camera then calculates the shutter speed necessary for a proper exposure based on the ISO value of the sensor and the amount of light entering the camera. Aperture is important when one wants to ensure the depth of field or wants a wider angle of view.

Shutter Priority (S) Mode – The Shutter Priority mode means the user will set the shutter speed and the camera will set the appropriate aperture for proper exposure. This setting is important if one wishes to “freeze” action such as when taking photographs at a sporting event.

Manual Mode (M) Mode – Using Manual Mode allows the user to set both Aperture and Shutter Speed independent of each other and independent of the ISO value. In addition, the user manually sets the focus point of the subject.

This article is about basics. Many camera also have other settings, The most important is White Balance (WB). The type of light that is exposing the sensor varies in its characteristic. Sunlight is different from artificial lights. The time of day affects the characteristics of sunlight. There are many types of artificial light; tungsten, various fluorescent lights, flash lamps, etc. They particularly affect how the sensor will record colors. Many cameras allow the user to have the camera determine the best white balance.

Finally, settings such as Night Mode, Portrait Mode, Black and White Mode, may be available on your camera. Each of these settings allow the camera to set aperture and shutter speeds based on the information stored on the camera’s internal memory.

Remember, read the manual for your camera. And have fun with your photography.